Would you be willing to share some of those distinctions in a separate post?
Christian, here are a couple examples.
One distinction that I found helpful was the dissonance between the Bavli rabbis and the Yerushalmi rabbis on the impetus for marriage. In other words, why marry? It seems that the earlier Judean voices promote marriage because it helps to establish men as civic entities. Familial, financial, and social well-being flows from the institution of marriage. The later Babylonian voices are not as certain that marriage is entirely positive. Perhaps it might take an otherwise pious man away from religious study. However, most of these rabbis argue that marriage provides an outlet for a man's sexual appetites. This second position is somewhat similar to Paul's stance. Satlow notes that there is no attempt by the rabbis to convince women to marry; it is just assumed that they don't need convincing. This is one of those times when the historian is negligent if s/he doesn't offer an argument from silence: the social pressures on fathers to find a match for their daughters were enormous. Moreover - and this is my observation, not Satlow's - a single woman was seen as a problem to be solved, not a person to be celebrated.
Another distinction that I found helpful was between ideals and normalcy. For example, the Babylonian voices are adamant that marriage around the time of puberty is best. This stance works alongside their fear of sexual urges. So you find some rabbis saying things like this:
“A man of twenty who has not married spends all his days in sin.” … “Up to twenty years, the Holy One—blessed be He—sits and watches for a man, when he should marry a wife. When his twentieth year arrives and he has still not married, He says, ‘Let him rot!’” … “I desired more than my colleagues to marry at sixteen. Had I married at fourteen I could have said to Satan, ‘An arrow in your eye!’” (B. Qid. 29b-30a)Here you see a few ideals for marriage. Yet other texts demonstrate that these ideals were often difficult to live up to. The Bavli rabbis strongly urge a range of 14-20 as the window for righteous marriage, but ideals and reality are two different things.